Pacific University Archives

Morrison (Harry William) Papers Edit

Summary

Identifier
MS 90
Finding Aid Author
Eva Guggemos
Finding Aid Date
2012
Description Rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of Description
Finding aid written in English.
Sponsor
Sponsored by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission

Dates

  • 1916-1937 (Creation)

Extents

  • 0.75 Cubic Feet (Whole)
    1 oversize flat box

Agent Links

Subjects

Notes

  • Conditions Governing Use

    Pacific University owns the copyright to some, but not all, of the materials housed in its archives. Copyright for materials authored or otherwise produced as official business of Pacific University is retained by Pacific University and requires its permission for publication. Copyright status for other collection materials varies. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

  • Conditions Governing Access

    Collection is open for research.

  • Summary

    Harry William Morrison was a trombone player in a military band during the First World War (91st Division, 166th Brigade, 348th Field Artillery Regiment, Band Section). This collection consists of diaries, writings, and a photograph album, mostly relating to his service in France and Germany between 1918-1919.

  • Biographical Note

    Harry William Morrison was a trombone player in a military band during the First World War (91st Division, 166th Brigade, 348th Field Artillery Regiment, Band Section). He kept a detailed diary during his service in France and Germany from 1918-1919.

    Born in upstate New York on August 25, 1888, Morrison moved to the Rainier area of Washington state around 1910. He found work there as a bookkeeper for a lumber mill, the "Columbia River Door Co.," which was owned by a step-uncle. In 1916, Morrison was convicted of embezzling "divers gold and silver coins, paper currency and bank bills" from the mill, and was sentenced to one year in prison at the Oregon State Penitentiary. He later maintained that he had taken the fall for someone else in the company.

    In early 1918, several months after being paroled, Morrison obtained a pardon from the governor in order to enlist in the army. A trombone player, he joined the Band Section of the 348th Field Artillery Regiment, in the 166th Brigade of the 91st Division. He trained at Camp Lewis, Washington, and then travelled by train to New York. From there, he shipped on the British S.S. Coronia to Liverpool, and went from there to Le Havre. Once in France, his Section always appears to have been posted some 20 to 50 miles behind the front, which they followed from Verdun through Belgium, Luxembourg and into Germany. They participated in drills, gave band concerts and visited local cafes. Though never exposed to the front lines, Morrison saw many wounded soldiers and witnessed the outbreak of the Spanish Flu. Once in Germany, he was billeted with a friendly German family named the Moselers. In March of 1919, his regiment returned to the United States.

    After the war, Morrison had difficulty finding work. He married a school teacher, Marie Agnes Gallagher, who came from a Catholic family in Tacoma. They moved to Oregon, where Morrison found off-and-on work in the timber industry and as a house painter. They eventually settled in Hillsboro and had six children. At the age of 48, in the midst of the Great Depression, Morrison died of appendicitis that had been misdiagnosed.

  • Accruals

    Additional materials from the Morrison Family are expected to be donated to this collection.

  • Preferred Citation

    Harry William Morrison Papers, Pacific University Archives, Forest Grove, Oregon.

  • Scope and Contents

    This collection consists of diaries, writings, and a photograph album, mostly relating to Harry William Morrison's military service in World War I. The diaries date from June 30, 1918 to April 20, 1919, covering the period after he left training camp until his return from the war. There is an entry for nearly every day, ranging in length from a single sentence to several paragraphs. He generally writes in a candid style, recording his poor opinions of army food and transportation, as well as his appreciation for the sights and customs of Europe. In an entry describing conditions on the ship from New York to England, for example, he writes:

    "Dinner consisted of cabbage & bread which was not fit for a hog. Quarters on next to lower deck. Stinks so bad one can hardly stay below. Supper, frozen sau[s]age & bread, as bad as dinner. Are to sail tomorrow morning. Slept on deck, could not stand it below. Crew as rotten as grub."

    At the close of the war when he was billeted with a friendly German family, he wrote:

    "The people we are living with are fine. Name Moseler. [...] Mrs. Moseler came in and talked to Matil and I in the afternoon, the conversation drifted around to the war. We could plainly see they had been kept in ignorance, about all they had ever heard, was what great victories the Germans were gaining, never of defeat. When we told her of the cruelties practiced on the Belgiums she was horrified [...]."

    In addition to making daily entries in his diary, Morrison also recorded details such as the price of clothes and food, and descriptions of tourist sites. Some of the tourist information may have been copied from book, "Guide to the Rhine," which is included in this collection. He also recorded taking 22 film rolls worth of photographs. Many of these photographs, along with postcards that he purchased, are in the photograph album in this collection. The images depict subjects such as his band, other soldiers, airplanes, battle landscapes, military trains, cities (some bombed, some intact), tourist sights, artillery, members of the Moseler Family, military camps and transport ships. Approximately 125 original photographs and 75 postcards are present in the album.

    Also in this collection is a revised copy of his diary, which Morrison probably wrote in the 1930s. He may have intended to publish it, but it was never completed; it ends on January 20, 1919. There is also a notebook containing an antiwar speech, a fragment of a play with populist themes, and a Christmas story about a "Red Elf" that was probably intended for Morrison's children. A folder of photocopied documents, mostly from the Oregon State Archives, provide information about his incarceration in 1916 and his death in 1937.

    The collection was donated by his daughter-in-law, Geraldine Morrison, who attended Pacific University in the late 1940s. Harry's son, Donald Edward Morrison, was a Pacific graduate and president of his senior class in 1950.

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