Pacific University Archives

Baldwin (Karl Ferguson) Collection of World War II Intelligence Reports on the Japanese Edit


MS 51
Finding Aid Author
Eva Guggemos
Finding Aid Date
Description Rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of Description
Finding aid written in English.
Sponsored by a grant from the National Historical Publications and Records Commission


  • 1944-1945 (Creation)


  • 0.5 Cubic Feet (Whole)
    1 box

Agent Links



  • Language of Materials

    Reports are mostly in English, with some Japanese.

  • Conditions Governing Use

    Pacific University owns the copyright to some, but not all, of the materials housed in its archives. Copyright for materials authored or otherwise produced as official business of Pacific University is retained by Pacific University and requires its permission for publication. Copyright status for other collection materials varies. Transmission or reproduction of materials protected by U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.) beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owners. Works not in the public domain cannot be commercially exploited without permission of the copyright owners. Responsibility for any use rests exclusively with the user.

  • Conditions Governing Access

    Collection is open for research.

  • Accruals

    No accruals are expected.

  • Summary

    The Allied Translator and Interpreter Section was a joint Australian-United States intelligence agency that issued confidential reports on Japanese operations during World War II. This collection consists of 11 reports from the agency, mostly pertaining to Japanese military psychology, that once belonged to Colonel Karl Feguson Baldwin.

  • Historical Note

    The Allied Translator and Interpreter Section (ATIS) of the South West Pacific Area, which was active during World War II, was a joint Australian-United States agency that disseminated intelligence on Japanese operations. They issued confidential reports based on captured documents, prisoner interrogations and other sources to inform the Allied forces. The reports in this collection once belonged to Colonel Karl Ferguson Baldwin, a career United States Army officer. Towards the end of World War II, he served as a military attache stationed in Melbourne, Australia, where he appears to have been engaged in studying the psychology of the Japanese military. He later became a professor of military science and tactics at the University of Kansas. His personal papers are located at Norwich University in Northfield, Vermont.

  • Scope and Contents

    The collection consists of 11 printed research reports prepared by the Allied Translator and Interpreter Section, South West Pacific Area, to assist military leaders. The reports belonged to Colonel Karl F. Baldwin, whose name is written or typed on most of the reports. They are marked with "Confidential" stamps and receipt stamps of the Office of the United States Military Attache in Melbourne, Australia. The reports center on Japanese military psychology, their readiness for battle and their knowledge of the United States military capabilities. Most of the reports list as sources, "Captured Documents" and "Statements by Prisoners of War."